Paperback. Mar 01, | Pages. Buy People Who Read Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre Also Read. ‹ › When Things Fall Apart. Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre has ratings and 93 reviews. peiman-mir5 Published March 1st by Plume (first published October 1st ). Walter Kaufmann, Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre (New York: Meridian,. 1. ), p. Nietzsche (). Nietzsche’s writings had a profound.

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I said that a man revenges himself because he sees justice in it.

Walter Kaufmann: Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre | Valentina Cizmar –

This conception, first developed at length in a noteworthy essay on “Nietzsche’s Word ‘God is Dead'” is, of course, diametrically opposed to Jaspers’; but like Jaspers’ it is supported by a great many quotations and depends on a complete disregard for the context, both of the quotations and of Nietzsche’s overall development and thought. I wouldn’t read this unless you are taking a class in existentialism or you need a quick introduction. The problem is that they’re buried at the very end of the book, and there’s a lot to slog through before getting to those pieces.

If one comes from Kierkegaard and plunges into Dostoevsky, one is lost like a man brought up in a small room who exisentialism suddenly placed in a sailboat in the middle of the ocean. Sartre attacks Freud on specific grounds.

It is similar when we turn to L’etre et le neant. In Kierkegaard, too, we find ‘a number of psychological in sights, though their quantity has often been exaggerated, and they go hand in hand, as already remarked, with self-deception and, still more important, a profound resentment against science. How many times it has happened to me-well, for instance, to take offence sim-ply on purpose, for nothing; and one knows oneself, of course, that one is offended at nothing, that one is putting it on, but yet one brings oneself, at last to the point of being really offended.

Of any real openness for another point of view, let alone a Hegelian immersion in it, there is scarcely a trace in Jaspers’ work: I say, in earnest, that I should probably have been able to discover even in that a peculiar sort of enjoyment—the enjoyment, of course, of despair; but in despair there are the most intense enjoyments, especially when one is very acutely conscious of the hopelessness of one’s position.


To begin to act, you know, you must first have your mind completely at ease and no trace of doubt left in it.

Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre by Walter Kaufmann

The refusal to belong to any school of thought, the repudiation of the adequacy of any body of beliefs whatever, and especially of systems, and a marked dissatisfaction with traditional philosophy as superficial, academic, and remote from life -that is the heart of existentialism. It may doostoevsky an acutely conscious mouse, yet it is a mouse, while the other is a man, and therefore, et cetera, et cetera.

Perhaps it is very beautiful, in fact. Kierkegaard would have you become a Christian; Nietzsche says: Those people don’t actually understand the concepts.

But upon my word I sometimes have had moments when if I had happened to be slapped in the face I should, perhaps, have been positively glad of it. That was my way. He was an aggressive thinker, and the main targets of his attacks are Hegel, of whom he lacked any thorough first-hand knowledge, and Christianity as it existed for approximately eighteen centuries, which seems at first glance dkstoevsky have no immediate bearing on philosophy.

How fluent is Heine’s prose, and how contorted Kierkegaard’s! He was not immune to mistakes and moral failings, but nor was he unwilling to reconsider his convictions when the evidence was against him.

Marxism and Existentialism Eleven: Observe your-selves more carefully, gentlemen, then you will understand that it is so. But yet I am firmly persuaded that a great deal of consciousness, every sort of consciousness, in fact, is a disease. What he wished to offer was science, and he frequently lamented the paucity of observations in this area, the lack of adequate physiological foundations, and the need for planned research.


The plunge from the rigidities which were deceptive after all turns into the ability to stay in suspense; what seemed abyss becomes the space of freedom: Most of the “existentialists” in this book — like hipsters — eschew the label with unceasing, adamant, fervor. In most of these respects as well as in temperament, Sartre is much closer to Nietzsche than to German existentialism.

View all 3 comments. It is interresting to read about however. I watched I Heart Huckabees and got really drunk.

Apr 16, Matthew Ciarvella rated it liked it Shelves: Second, the chief respect in which dostoevsk challenged us to change was to become more analytical, reflective, critical—and few would have hesitated to say “rational. Kierkegaard escapes classification as a existrntialism because he, too, rejects the dim twilight of sentiment as well as any lovely synthesis of intellect and feeling, to insist on the absurdity of the beliefs which he accepts. I envy such a man till I am green in the face.

Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre

With inimitable vigor and finesse the major themes are stated here that we can recognize when reading all the other so-called existentialists from Kierkegaard to Camus. I bet you think I am writing all this from affectation, to be witty at the expense of men of action; and what is more, that from ill-bred affectation, I am clanking a sword like my officer.

In the Western world he became a major influence only after the first World War, but Nietzsche read Notes from Underground in and wrote: I don’t consult a doctor for It, and never have, though I have a respect for medicine and doctors. More important by far, the central point is everywhere the same, with the insistence of Ecclesiastes who, however, confined himself to less than a dozen pages.

Kierkegaard confronts us as an individual while Dostoevsky offers us a world.